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apy    1 









BELFAST,    ME.  : 



Who  is  there  that  does  not  wish  to  know  what  has 
passed  among  his  ancestors  in  early  days.  In  preparing 
this  brief  record  of  Palermo,  it  has  been  my  aim  to 
present  to  the  reader  what  has  long  past,  and  I  have 
-endeavored  to  insert  only  facts,  based  upon  good  au- 
thority and  wish  the  readers  to  remember  in  reading 
these  old  names  that  they  long  ago  passed  away  and 
many  of  these  old  names  have  been  handed  down  to 
the  second  and  third  generation.  Many  thanks  are 
due  those  who  have  in  any  way  assisisted  in  prepar- 
ing this  work  and  it  is  my  desire  that  it  may  be  of 
interest  to  those  of  the  present  day  and  to  the  rising 

Allen  Goodwin. 


I  have  in  my  possession  an  account  of  the  early  settlement  of 
Palermo,  written  forty  years  ago  by  my  grandfather,  Deacon  John  Mar- 
den.  Thinking  it  may  be  of  interest  to  some  of  the  residents  as  well  as 
former  residents  of  the  town,  I  have  concluded  to  have  it  published, 
together  with  other  facta  concerning  the  early  history  of  Palermo. 

My  grandfather  came  to  Palermo,  Maine,  in  1793,  with  his  brother. 

Deacon  Stephen  Marden,  who  took  np  a  farm  on  what  is  now  known  as 

Marden  Hill.     He  made  his  home   with  him  for  eight  years.      Then  he 

settled  on  the  farm  joining,  and  their  brother  Benjamin  on  one  joining 

theirs  on  the  west.      He  was  a  deacon  of  the  First  Baptist  Church  for 

manv  years.     He  died  August  25,  1860,  at  the  age  of  eighty-one  j^ears. 

The  only  one  of  his  children  now  living  is  a  son,  Nathan  L.  Marden  of 

Veazie,  Maine.      I  remember  my  dear  old  grandfather,  as  his  presence 

adorned  the  home  of  my  childhood,  and  I  think  of  him  as  the  good  old 

Elijah  who  sat  by  the  brook  side. 

Listen  to  what  he  has  to  say  .- 

Palermo,  June  7,  1855. 

"  1,  John  Marden,  was  born  in  the  Town  of  Chester,  in  the  County 
of  Rockingham  and  State  of  New  Hampshire,  Feb.  18,  1779.  When  I 
was  in  my  third  year  my  father  was  killed  by  the  falling  of  a  tree  in  the 
Town  of  New^  Hampton,  and  County  of  Straftbrd,  N.  H.,  on  the  nineteenth 
day  of  June,  1781.  He  was  forty-four  years  of  age.  My  mother  was 
left  a  widow  in  poor  circumstances,  with  the  care  of  eight  children,  and 
one  added  to  that  number  on  the  twenty-ninth  of  September  following. 

It  being  in  the  time  of  the  Revolutionary  Avar  she  had  many  hard- 
ships to  encounter,  having  but  little  but  her  hands  and  good  economy  to 
support  her  family,  yet  she  bore  her  trouble  with  a  good  degree  of 
christian  patience.  In  the  year  1783  a  treaty  of  peace  was  signed 
between  the  United  States  and  Great  Britain,  wdiich  gave  her  some  relief. 

hi  the  year  17t)0  my  eldest  brother  moved  her  and  the  yoniijier  part  of 
tlie  family  to  the  town  of  Canterbuiy,  where  she  spent  the  remainder  of 
her  life  in  comfortable  circnmstances  to  the  day  of  her  death,  which  was 
on  the  third  day  of  November,  1830,  aoed  about  ninety-one  years. 

January,  1793,  I  came  into  the  District  of  Maine,  at  the  age  of 
fourteen  years, — in  the  County  of  Lincoln  (now  \Valdo)  and  took  up  my 
residence  at  a  place  called  the  Great  Pond  Settlement  at  the  extremity  of 
the  Sheepscot  Pond, 

I  had  many  hardships  to  encounter  bein«j  the  only  youth  in  the  .place. 
The  nearest  mill  was  twelve  miles,  throuij;h  a  lonely  wood,  with  but  little 
better  than  a  foot-path  and  spotted  trees.  Yet  with  pleasinu-  prospects 
I  looked  forward  to  the  time  when  this  iiood  land  would  be  settled. 
When  school  houses  and  mills  wonld  be  built  and  roads  made,  and  this 
wilderness  would  become  a  fruitful  field.  I  took  ijreat  pleasure  in  visit- 
ing my  friends  in  N.  H.  once  in  every  three  years,  although  I  hnd  to 
travel  the  distance  of  two  hundred  and  twenty  miles  on  the  frozen 
ground  in  the  month  of  November  or  December.  I  worked  with  my 
brother,  Stephen  Marden,  until  I  was  twenty-two  years  of  age,  when  I 
bought  the  farm  on  which  I  now  live,  with  the  barn  then  built  and  a  log 
house  thereon.  April  23,  1801,  I  Avas  united  in  marriage  with  Mary 
Bagley  of  Liberty,  and  moved  on  to  the  farm  that  spring  with  a  pleasing 
prospect  of  enjoying  happiness.  For  three  or  four  years  we  were 
favored  with  good  health  and  our  crops  came  in  bountifully  and  all 
things  bespoke  prosperity. 

Jan.  22,  1805,  I  was  severely  wounded  by  the  falling  of  a  tree. 
Then  my  sutt'erings  were  very  great.  Yet  my  mind  was  happy  in  the 
Lord,  and  I  could  truly  say,  'Though  He  slay  me,  yet  will  I  trust  in  Him.' 
On  the  third  day  of  February  I  had  my  left  leg  amputated  above  the 
knee,  w  Inch  was  very  expensive  at  that  time,  so  that  my  future  prospects 
of  happiness  in  this  world  began  to  decay.  In  April  following  we  chose 
our  town  officers  for  the  first  time.  I  took  a  part  with  them  in  collecting- 
taxes  and  serving  precepts,  etc.  This  year  with  the  past  will  long  be 
remembered  as  a  season  of  great  religious  excitement  in  this  town  and 

vicinity.  A  Baptist  Church  Mas  organized  that  season  and  many  were 
added  thereto.  I  was  baptized  and  added  to  the  church  at  the  next 
Auiiust  conference.  On  the  tenth  day  of  September  my  companion  was 
tal^en  sicl^  and  died  on  the  sixteenth — with  rash  and  putrid  fever — aged 
about  twenty-two.  My  little  son  died  on  the  twenty-first,  aged  three  and 
a  half  years.  I  had  two  children  left  to  the  mercies  of  the  people.  A 
daughter,  Eliza,  two  years  old  and  a  little  son,  Hiram,  six  days  old.  Then 
was  my  house  left  to  me  desolate  and  everything  of  this  world's  Avas 
clothed  in  gloom.  All  my  future  prospects  gone  and  the  lonely  grave- 
yard was  the  pleasantest  place  that  I  could  visit.  I  could  truly  say  with 
tlie  i'salmist : 

'Had  not  thy  word  been  my  delight 

When  earthly   joys  were  fled, 
My  somI  oppressed  with  sorrows'  weight 

Had  sunk  among  the  dead.' 

1  was  then  led  to  put  mj'  trust  in  the  Lord  and  since  that  time  I  have 
witnessed  much  of  his  goodness. 

I  disposed  of  my  children  where  tliey  were  nursed  with  tenderness 
and  care.  I  left  my  house  and  attended  to  my  business  in  Town  that 
tall.  In  the  winter  1  went  to  New  Hampshire  to  visit  my  friends.  I 
returned  in  the  spring  and  finished  my  collecting  and  engaged  in  Town 
business  again.  In  the  year  1805  I  let  out  my  farm  to  Elder  Robinson 
and  Dr.  Pratt  with  but  little  expectation  to  pay  the  bills  and  save  the 
farm.  I  earned  what  I  could.  I  found  I  had  many  friends  to  encourage 
me  and  made  me  some  presents.  I  was  encouraged  to  try  and  pay  the 
bills  and  save  the  farm.  This  season  I  formed  an  acquaintance  with 
Mrs.  Eunice  Ward  of  Harlem  (now  China)  which  was  left  a  widow 
about  the  same  time — and  near  the  same  age,  with  three  children,  two 
daughters  and  a  son,  the  eldest  six  years  and  the  youngest  seventeen 
months,  with  about  seven  or  eight  hundred  dollars  worth  of  property 
for  their  support.  She  a  professor  of  religion  and  a  member  of  the 
Baptist  Church  in  Harlem.  We  were  united  in  marriage  on  the  twenty- 
fourth  day  of  August,  1806,  and  moved  home  and  commenced  keeping 
house  that  fall.     She  assisted  me  to  pay  the  bills  and  stock  the  farm.     I 

was  cncoiira^i'ed  to  pursue  a  course  of  farming  for  a  living"  and  attend  to 
Town  business  and  such  labor  as  I  could  do.  Soon  after  this  I  Avas 
chosen  Town  Cleric  and  kept  the  records,  w^liich  was  continued  about 
twenty  years.  In  the  year  1816  I  was  appointed  .  „  Post  Master  in 
Palermo,  which  Avas  continued  about  seven  years.  Having  the  company 
and  assistance  of  a  prudent  and  industrious  companion  I  have  enjoyed 
much  peace  of  mind  for  many  years  and  have  witnessed  much  of  the 
goodness  of  the  Lord.  We  were  members  of  the  First  Baptist  Church 
in  Palermo  forty-live  years.  We  took  much  satisfaction  with  our 
christian  friends  both  in  prosperity  and  in  adversity.  In  the  year  1850 
my  companion  was  sick,  and  died  Feb.  28,  1851,  aged  seventy  years  and 
four  months.  We  had  nine  children.  For  a  few  years  past  I  have  wit- 
nessed much  what  I  read  in  the  twelfth  chapter  of  Ecclesiastes  of  the 
aged.  '  Yet  God  is  the  strength  of  my  heart.  Although  He  cause  grief 
yet  He  will  have  compassion  according  to  the  multitude  of  His  mercies." 
He  has  been  my  friend  and  protector  in  youth  and  middle  age,  and  I  trust 
He  will  not  forsake  me  when  my  strength  fails.  •  Therefore  will  I  trust 
in  Him  as  long  as  I  live.' 

Where  I  reside  is  about  twenty  miles  north-eas  erly  of  Augusta, 
then  called  (Fort  Weston).  The  iidiabitants  east  and  north  of  my  resi- 
dence were  but  few  at  that  time.  Several  small  settlements  were  made 
in  the  woods,  and  generally  called  after  the  name  of  the  tirst  settler  or 
)\v  the  old  Indian  name  of  ponds  and  streams.  The  land  was  very  good 
for  crops  of  corn  and  rye.  Each  settler  made  their  choice  for  a  farm. 
No  taxes  were  called  for  at  that  time.  There  were  no  framed  buildings 
east  or  north  of  my  residence  for  the  space  of  twelve  or  fifteen  miles, 
and  three  or  four  miles  to  the  south  and  west  until  the  next  April,  179o. 
when  two  barn  frames  were  put  up,  to  the  great  joy  of  the  settlers,  but 
more  so  to  the  o\vners.  After  about  ten  years  Townships  Avere  laid  out. 
anti  petitions  Avere  sent  to  Massachusetts  for  incorpoi-ation,  Avhich  Avere 
readily  granted.  Then  school  houses  were  built  and  roads  Avere  made. 
Then  this  Avilderness  began  to  bud  and  blossom  lilsc  a  rose  and  soon 
became  a  fruitful  field.     In  the  vear  1820,  this  district  Avas  admitted  into 

the  I'liion  A\illi  Ihe  other  Stales,  by  ihe  name  of  Maine,  to  the  great  joy 
of  the  inhabitants.  Now  ^hile  I  am  writing,  the  increasing  wealth  and 
population  of  Maine  leads  my  mind  back  to  the  days  of  my  youth,  when 
these  settlei  s  w  ere  all  laboring  men,  engaged  in  their  several  occupations, 
such  as  clearing  land,  raising  crops,  putting  up  buildings  and  fences  in 
the  summer  and  fall.  In  the  winter  and  spring  all  engaged  in  lumbering, 
hunting  and  sugar  making,  which  was  much  of  it  done  in  the  forest  at 
that  tmie.  These  settlers  were  all  very  poor,  but  as  'happy  as  clams' 
and  as  friendly  to  each  other  as  monkeys. 

What  a  change  has  been  made  since  my  acquaintance  no  further 
abroad  than  even  within  the  County  of  Waldo.  Then,  what  is  now 
Palermo  had  twenty-six  families;  Montville  and  Liberty  both  had  about 
twenty  families  and  Freedom  had  none.  Belfast  village  was  but  thinly 
inhabited.  Some  parts  of  it  was  like  a  forest  of  evergreen.  There 
was  no  wharf  at  that  time.  Coasting  vessels  were  loaded  with  cord- 
wood  by  wheeling  on  a  partly  hewed  stick  of  timber  from  the  shore  to 
the  ship.  There  were  but  two  traders  in  the  village  at  my  tlrst  acquain- 
tance, namely,  NaSmith  and  Creamer.  The  road  from  Montville  to 
Belfast  was  through  a  forest  of  swamps  without  any  bridgen.  The 
horses  had  to  all  go  in  one  track  through  the  swamps,  with  a  ridge 
betw  een  their  stepping  places,  to  give  a  foot  person  a  chance  to  walk 
over  the  wet  places  without  wading  through  the  mud  and  water. 

Now  from  here  to  Belfast  is  one  of  the  best  of  stage  roads,  passing 
through  among  wealthy  farmers,  merchants  and  mechanics.  And  now 
Belfast  is  one  of  the  pleasantest  cities  in  the  State,  with  one  of  the 
best,  safest  and  pleasantest  harbors  that  can  be  found  on  the  Eastern 
shore.  In  plain  view  of  all  the  shipping  which  sails  on  the  Penobscot 
Bay,  and  in  view  of  the  Castine  light-house,  also  of  the  level,  rich  and 
beautiful  country  bordering  on  the  north-eastern  shore  of  that  beautiful 
bay,  together  with  a  partial  view  of  Islesboro  and  Castine  on  the  south 
and  east,  to  a  distance  of  twelve  miles,  which  adds  much  to  the  beauty 
of  the  place.  With  a  regular  line  of  Steam-ships  from  Bangor  to 
Boston,  coming  to  and  going  from  the  wharves  daily." 


[  rejoice  in  the  prosperity  of  Maine,  but  I  cannot  repress  the  risinij 
sigli ;  nor  withhold  the  fallina;  tear.  1  look  around  for  my  old  contem- 
poraries and  tind  so  i'ew  of  them  left.  The  enquiry  is,  where  are  they? 
Answer,  they  are  cut  down  by  the  scythe  of  time,  and  housed  in  the 
silent  "rave.  And  the  few  that  are  left  are  worn  dow^n  with  age  and  in- 
firmities too  numerous  for  me  to  name.  Some  with  the  loss  of  sight  and 
hearing;  some  with  the  loss  of  their  limbs;  some  with  palsied  hands; 
and  otliers  Avith  general  debilities,  etc.  And  but  very  few,  if  any,  are 
able  to  talve  care  of  themselves,  but  have  mostly  given  themselves  up  to 
the  care  of  their  children,  or  grandchildren,  or  the  tOMU  to  provide  for 
them.  And  very  soon  the  last  will  be  gone  the  way  of  all  the  earth,  their 
lK)dies  turned  to  dust,  and  their  names  forgotten,  and  Maine  will  be  in- 
liabited  by  entire  strangers  to  what  has  passed  in  my  day. 

Now  a  telegraph  line  is  erected  the  whole  width  of  the  State  of 
Maine,  from  city  to  citv.  from  New  BrunsAvick  to  New  Hampshire,  to 
the  length  of  four  or  five  hundred  miles.  Again,  look  at  the  railroads 
that  are  already  completed,  and  those  that  are  now  under  way.  All  the 
above  has  lieen  done  in  about  twenty  years. 

Wiio  would  have  thought  that  the  stream  of  intemperance  could 
liave  been  turned  and  dried  up  by  the  art  of  man,  when  its  width  and 
(leptii  was  sufficient  to  run  a  mill  to  sa^v  lumber  to  build  a  village  as 
large  as  lenity  or  Freedom,  so  that  the  stream  now  can  be  foriled  and 
soon  I  trust  will  be  like  a  rill,  running  under  ground,  and  the  bed  of  the 
ri\ier  will  soon  ))ecome  like  a  fruitful  field. 

Written  at  Palernio,  Jtine  s,  18.')."),  at  the  age  of  70  years. 

Signed.  JOHN  MAKDEN. 

This  town  of  Falfcrmo  was  lirst  called  Great    Pond   Settlement   Iroiu 
the  fact  that  the  first  settlement  was  near  the  Sheepscott  Oreat  Pon<l. 
The  tirst  settlers  of  Palermo    M-ere  principally  persons  from  New 

Hampshire.     Some  of  those  persons  which  my  grandfather  referred  to 

as  the  "first  settlers  were  Stephen  Beld^i,  Christopher  Erskines,  David 

Turner,    Benjamin    Turner,    Jonathan   Greeley,    Jacob   Greeley,   Jacob 

Worthing,    John    Johnson,   John  Bradstreet,  Jonathan  Bartlett,  Joseph 

Eust,  Stephen  Harden  and  James  Harden. 

The,  first  settler  in  Palermo  was  Stephen  Belden,  who  came  here  on 
horseback,  bringing  his  Bible  under  his  arm,  about  1778.  He  was  mar- 
ried to  Abagail  Godfrey  and  had  a  son,  Aarpn,  prior  to  coming  to  Palermo. 
They  took  up  the  farm  where  Van  Kansalaer  Turner  now  lives.  He 
died  June  15,  1822.  Aaron  lived  here  and  married.  To  his  wife 
Charity,  Mas  born  a  daughter,  Sabrina,  Harch  25,  1805.  They  moved  out 
west  and  he  became  a  minister  of  the  gospel. 

The  first  male  child  born  in  Palermo  was  a  son  of  Stephen,  w^ho 
was  born  in  the  spring  of  1779,  who  he  named  Stephen.  The  first 
female  chikl  was  his  daughter,  born  in  the  fall  of  1780,  who  was  named 
Sally.  Stephen  Jr.  married  Hiss  Hary  Harvey  and  settled  on  Level  Hill. 
The  buildings  are  now  gone,  but  the  farm  is  owned  by  Fred  Norton. 
He  died  Dec.  21,  1857.  The  sons  born  to  them  were  Stephen,  James  and 
John,  from  whom  sprang  children  and  grandchildren  too  numerous  to 
mention.  James  is  still  living  at  the  age  of  eighty-two.  Sally  married 
David  Linscott  and  settled  on  Level  Hill,  where  their  son  James  Linscott 
now  lives. 

Hr.  Edmund  Black  was  ])orn  in  ITMC.  He  died  in  Palermo,  Feb.  (!. 
18()!>  aged  seventy-two  years.  Hrs.  Holly  Black,  his  wife,  was  born  in 
1783  and  died  in  Palermo  April  23,  1812,  aged  79  years.  Eleven  children 
were  ))orn  to  them  in  Chester,  N.  H.,  and  were  among  the  early  settlers 
i-omin<'-  to  Palermo  a])out  1798.      They  had  passed  the  meridian  of  life 


ere  they  .stnrtod  on  thtir  lonu-  liorseback  jonnu'V  into  the  wiUleiness  to 
their  loj:;  iiouse,  uith  their  four  sons  James,  .John,  Ediiinnd  Jr.  and 
Benjamin,  and  tlieir  uives.  James,  the  oklest  son  ^vas  l)orn  in  diester, 
\.  H.,  Sept.  15,  17()4,  and  married  his  Avife  Molly,  born  in  Ne^^market, 
N.  H.,  Mareh  ir».  ITCS.  They  lirst  settled  in  Meredith,  N.  H.  They  had 
eiifht  ehihlren.  They  settled  in  Palermo  on  the  farm  now  known  as  the 
Stndley  plaee.  Amonir  his  eliildren  were  E(hnund  iJrd.,  Joshua,  Olive 
and  James.  Edmund  :{rd.  was  born  in  Meredith,  N.  H.,  Jan.  <J,  1788,  and 
married  Comfort  Wiugcins.  H<?Avas  chosen  Town  Clerk  in  1811  and  con- 
tinued three  years.  He  drove  the  stages  for  (juite  a  number  of  years. 
Their  children  were  quite  numerous.  Josliua  was  l)orn  at  Meredith, 
N.  II.,  June  .-5,  171)0.  lie  married  Mary  Briant.  He  was  called  the  vet- 
I'ran  stage-driver,  liaving  driven  the  stage  twenty-eight  years. 

John  Black  was  born  June  22.  17r>(),  and  with  his  wife  Betsey,  set- 
tled lirst  on  the  farm  wliere  Ira  Black  now  li\  cs.  Among  tlieir  children 
are  Berley  Black,  now  living  in  his  Dlst  year,  and  Nancy  Black  Sanford, 
now  li\  ing  at  the  age  of  H(>  years. 

Edmund  Black  Jr.  was  born  June  Ki,  1772,  and  with  his  wife  Betsey 
settled  on  the  Ira  Black  place  with  his  biother.  Among  tlieir  children 
were  Betsey,  Celinda,  John,  Abagail  and  Susan.  As  they  moved  to 
Headtleld,  and  tinally  to  N.  Y.,  and  their  children  were  mostly  girls,  but 
litllc  is  known  of  their  descendants,  tliough  Betsey  married  Jose  Greeley 
of  China,  foi*  her  last  husband. 

Benjamin  Black  was  born  .April  «!,  1780  and  with  his  wife  Mary  first 
settled  on  the  Peleg  Sanford  place.  Among  their  children  were  Claren- 
don and  Benjamin  Jr.  now  living  at  the  age  of  78  years. 

Levi  Howe  was  l)orn  at  Ipswich,  N.  H..  Aug.  1,  17(5.').  Lucy  Nelson 
was  born  at  Ipswich,  N.  II.,  Sept.  7,  17()().  When  he  was  twenty-three 
years  of  age  they  were  married  and  settled  in  Alua,  Maine.  Seven 
children  were  born  to  them  :  Jeremiah  Howe,  born  Aug.  J 7,  1789  and  died 
at  the  age  of  four  months;  James,  born  Feb.  20,  1791  ;  Levi,  Jr.,  born 

June   20,    1795;    Hufus,    born    May    15.    179G ;  Annie,  born  July   27,  ; 

Jeremiah,  born  June  25,  1799;  Mary  E.  born  Sept.  29,  \HOa.      Mr.  Rowe 


was  an  early  settler  who  came  to  Palermo  and  settled  on  the  farm  which 
has  been  handed  down  as  the  Rowe  farm. 

James  Rowe  married  Martha  Noyes  of  Jefferson  and  settled  with  his 
father  in  Palermo  and  finally  moved  to  Morrill:  Levi,  Jr.,  was  killed  on 
the  farm  by  a  tree,  May  25,  1811,  at  the  age  of  sixteen.  Rufns  lived  at 
Alna  until  a  young  man.  He  married  Lydia  Noyes  of  Jefferson  for  his 
first  wife  and  settled  in  Palermo  and  finally  settled  on  the  old  Rowe 
farm.  His  second  wife  was  Sally  Marden,  then  the  widow  Cnnningham. 
They  were  the  parents  of  George  and  Rnfns  Rowe,  Jr.,  of  Palermo  and 
Mrs.  Frances  Sylvester  and  Thomas  Rowe  of  Newton  Centre,  Mass. 
Annie  was  drowned,  Nov.  2,  1832,  a.  the  age  of  thirty-six  years,  while 
drawing  a  pail  of  water  at  the  spring,  where  Bennie  Colby  now  lives. 

Jeremiah  married  Miss  Noyes  of  Jefterson,  a  sister  of  his  brothers' 
wives,*  for  his  first  wife  and  settled  in  Newcastle.  His  second  wife  was 
Mary  Andros  of  Palermo.  They  settled  in  Carr's  corner  in  1825.  He 
worked  there  at  the  blacksmith's  tradt;  and  later  moved  to  Bradford,  Me. 
Mary  E.  married  John  W.  Marden  and  settled  in  Palermo. 

Benjamin  Yoiing  was  born  in  Chester  N.  H.,  1775.  He  learned  the 
blacksmith's  trade  of  a  smith  in  Hallowell,  Me.  His  first  work  after 
learning  his  trade  was  on  the  first  bridge  across  the  Kennebec  river  at 
Anguste  in  1797.  He  then  went  to  Belfast  and  worked  at  his  trade  about 
four  years.  In  1802  he  married  Miss  Abigail  Whittier,  daughter  of 
Joseph  and  Priscilla  Whittier  of  this  place,  who  was  fourteen  years  of 
age.  They  settled  on  the  farm  where  his  grandson  Fred  Young  now 
lives,  and  as  he  did  not  have  slings  in  those  days  as  now  for  shoeing 
oxen,  their  legs  were  tied  and  turned  them  over  on  their  backs  while 
nailing  on  the  shoes.  They  had  eleven  children,  Joseph  and  Page,  now 
living  in  Freedom.  He  died  March  3,  1848  at  the  age  of  seventy-three. 
His  wife  died  April  23,  1872,  aged  eighty-four  years. 

Captain  and  Mrs.   Elijah  Grant,  senior,   were  probably  tlie   oldest 

*NoTE.     The  three  brothers  married  three  sisters. 


couple  that  made   the   horseback  journey  in    those   early  days,  as  the 
record  of  their  births  date  back  to  1721. 

John  Cain,  senior,  probably  had  the  largest  number  of  children, 
which  numbered  eighteen. 

Geneology   of  William   Jones  and   Abigail  Bennett  Jones. 

Capt.  Miles  Standish  came  in  the  "  Mayflower"  in  1620.  He  married 
for  his  second  wife  Barbara  Standish,  who  came  in  the  "•  Ann"  in  1G23. 

Their  son,  Alexander,  married  Sarah  Alden,  second  daughter  of 
John  and  Friscilla  (Mullen)  x\klen,  who  both  came  in  the  "Mayflower." 

Lydia,  daughter  of  Alexander  and  Sarah  (Alden)  Standish,  married 
Isaac  Sampson,  born  ittfiO. 

Ephraim,  born  1G98,  son  of  Isaac  and  Lydia  (Standish)  Sampson, 
married  Abigail  Horrell,  daughter  of  Ilnmphrey  Horrell  of  Beverly. 
Mary,  born  in  Plimpton,  April  10,  1745,  daughter  of  Ephraim  and  Abigail 
(Florrell)  Sampson,  married  Nov.  1st,  1764,  in  Middleboro,  Mass.,  Bach- 
elor Bennett,  born  in  1736,  son  of  Cornelas  Bennett,  Physician  of  Mid- 
dleborough,  and  Ruth,  his  wife.  i!e  was  a  soldier  in  the  Revolutionary 
war§.  Abigail,  born  in  May,  1777,  daughter  of  Bachelor  and  Mary  (Samp- 
son) Bennett,  married  in  1798  William  Jones,  who  was  born  in  Bristol, 
Me.,  in  1774,  and  died  in  ralermo,February,  1834.  He  was  a  son  of  Richard 
Jones  of  Bristol,  a  soldier  of  the  Revolution*,  and  committee  of  corres- 
pondence and  safety  in  1782.  Richard  Jones  was  a  son  of  Wm.  Jones, 
w!io  came  to  this  country  in  1725  and  settletl  in  Bristol  in  1730.  He  was 
a  man  much  respected  in  liis  town,  and  was  the  flrst  chosen  to  the 
Brovincial  Congress  in  1775t.  He  Avas  a  brother  of  Colonel  Wm.  Jones, 
who  was  a  member  of  the  Convention  of  Miissaclii^setts,  by  whicli  the 
Constitution  of  the  United  States  was  adopted. 

§See  Vol.  13,  Page  51;  Vol.   24,  Page  57;  Vol.  3,  Page  225,  Rev.  Archives,  Stafe  House,  l^cston. 
*See  Vol.  19,  Page  181,  Kev.  Archives,  State  House,  I'oston. 
tSee  History  of  l^ristol. 


The  descendants  of  William  and  Al)iiiail  (Bennett)  Jones  are 
numerous.  Their  children  were  :  Nelson,  married  Hannah  Bowler.  Thej^ 
had  three  sons  and  four  daniihters.  Abigail,  married  Samuel  Brown. 
Left  a  son  and  several  daughters.  Harriet,  married  Warren  Cooper. 
They  had  one  son  and  five  daughters.  Sylvanus,  died  young.  Eliza 
Maloon,  married  Lot  Rust.  They  had  four  sons  and  four  daughters. 
William,  married  Mary  Ann  Marr.  They  had  four  sons  and  three 
daughters ;  several  of  them  died  young.  Cathlena,  married  Benjamin 
Marr.  They  had  one  son  who  died  in  youth,  and  one  daughter  Avho 
married  a  Turner.  She  left  three  children.  Mrs.  Marr  is  the  only  one 
of  the  family  now  living.  She  resides  at  Branch  Mills.  Sylvanus,  son 
of  Wm.  Jones,  is  living  at  Branch  Mills.  He  married  Olive  Erskin. 
They  have  one  son  in  college.  Lot  Kust,  Jr.,  married  Marcia  Cooper, 
and  Hattie  Rust  married  Abiel  Erskin.  Both  families  live  at  Moro, 
Oregon.  Cathlena  Cooper  married  Joseph  Grant.  They  have  one  son 
and  five  daughters.  Their  home  is  in  Portland.  Abbie  Bennett  Cooper 
mariied  James  E.  Shepard  of  Union.  He  was  Adjt.  of  the  9th  Maine 
V.  M.  during  the  war  of  the  Rebellion. 

Nelson  W.  Jones,  son  of  Nelson  and  Hannah  Jones,  enlisted  in  the 
r>rd  Maine  Reg.  V.  M.  June  4th,  1861,  and  was  killed  July  2,  1863.  He 
was  a  very  promising  young  man  and  was  a  sergeant  with  a  promise  of  a 
commission.  An  honor  to  his  native  town.  AVest  W.  Cooper,  only  sou 
of  Warren  and  Hariiei  Cooper,  enlisted  in  the  4th  Maine  Regt.  V.  M. 
May  8th,  1801,  and  A\as  killed  in  action,  July  21st,  1861,  at  the  battle  of 
Bull  Run.  The  G.  A.  R.  of  Union  have  named  their  Post  for  him,  and 
his  name  stands  first  upon  the  Roll  of  Honor,  on  the  Soldiers'  Monument 
at  Union  Common. 

William  Jones  moved  his  family  from  Bristol  to  Palermo  in  1815, 
having  previously  prepared  their  home.  The  old  house  which  was  large 
and  roomy,  stood  on  the  spot  Mhere  the  house  of  Silas  Bowler  now 
stands.  It  Mas  in  tlie  old  days  surrounded  by  orchards,  an  ideal  country 
farm  house.  It  Mas  torn  doAvn  in  1851).  William  Jones'  children  Mere 
at  one   time  all  settled  around   him  on   farms  Mhich   Mere  a  part  of  th<' 


original  grant  in  the  lower  part  of  the  town.  He  died  in  middle  life 
from  the  effects  of  a  fever  contracted  in  New  Orleans,  while  on  a  voyage 
as  captain  of  a  merchant  ship.  Abigail  (Bennett)  Jones  was  a  woman 
of  strong  character.  She  was  a  widow  for  twenty-seven  years.  She 
kept  her  farm  and  managed  her  affairs  until  she  was  very  old.  She  died 
in  March,  1861,  aged  83  years  and  10  months. 

Palermo  has  the  honor  of  being  the  nativity  of  a  millionaire.  James 
H.  Bowler,  son  of  Rev.  William  Bowler,  was  born  at  the  foot  of  John 
Ayer's  hill,  April  23,  1814,  and  died  in  Bangor,  Maine,  April  4,  1893. 


Settlements  in  the  various  places,  now  incorporated  into  towns, 
were  formed  before  any  surveying  was  done,  of  which  I  will  give  a 
brief  account.  To  make  a  long  story  short  I  will  omit  the  lines  bounding 
ralerrm)  on  the  north,  east  and  south,  which  were  marked  by  trees, 
stakes  and  stumps,  and  speak  of  the  line  between  Palermo  and  Harlem, 
name  which  was  changed  to  China  in  1818.  The  tirst  survey  was  made  in 
1800,  when  this  township  was  laid  out.  The  northerly  corner  of  the  line 
between  the  two  towns  was  a  beech  tree,  marked  No.  11,  1800  (A).  The 
southerly  corner  between  the  two  towns  was  a  hemlock  tree,  marked  as 
the  tirst.  In  1805  it  became  necessary  to  perambulate  the  said  line.  The 
survey  was  made  by  William  Davis  of  Palermo,  a  sworn  surveyor, 
Ichabod  ChadMiclv  and  Edwin  Fairfield,  selectmen  of  Harlem,  and  Elijah 
Grant  and  Nathan  Coburn,  selectmen  of  Palermo.  They  commenced  at 
tlie  lirst  mentioned  tree  and  marked  it  U05,  thence  southerly  ;H)®  west, 
until  it  struck  the  hemlock  ti  ee  at  the  southerly  corner.  This  line  they 
V,  ell  spotted  and  frequently  marked  with  a  marking  iron  ;  thus  : — (A)  and 
at  .lohnson's  Mills,  (now  Branch  Mills)  a  cedar  post,  marked  on  the 
west  (H),  on  the  east  (P),  and  north  and  south  marked  1805.  At  the 
county  road  near  Deer  Hill  a  beech  tree  was  marked  on  the  Avest  side 
(W.  D.)  (1805),  (H.),  (I.,  C),  (E.  F.).  On  the  east  side  (U05),  (P.), 
(W.I).),  (E.G.),  (N.  C).  On  the  north  and  south  sides.  (A).  The 
survey  was  finished  March  14,  1805.  As  time  rolled  on  and  passed  away, 
the  cedar  post  had  been  lemoved  and  trees  cleared  away  and  the  line  was 
in  dispute  for  seven  years.  Palermo  and  China  both  claimed  the  valua- 
tion and  tax  of  those  farms  along  the  line.  At  the  town  meeting  March 
12,  1827,  a  vote  was  passed  that  those  inhabitants  along  the  west  line  of 
the  town  should  be  held  blameless  and  shielded  from  all  harm  by  paying 
their  taxes  in  Palermo,  and  refusing  to  pay  to  the  town  of  China.  The 
selectmen  were   authorized  to  uo  and  see  the  selectmen  of  China  about 


running  the  line,  and  if  they  conld  not  agree  to  petition  the  Legislature 
to  establish  the  same.  The  next  season  the  line  was  perambulated,  and 
a  stone  monument  was  set  at  Branch  Mills,  which  forever  settled  the 
matter  at  that  place,  and  marked  1828.  Thus  they  were  continually  per- 
plexed from  the  other  sides  of  the  town,  by  disputed  lines.  On  Jan.  1, 
1838,  the  selectmen  were  instructed  by  the  town  to  petition  the  Legisla- 
ture to  pass  an  act  to  set  stone  monuments  at  all  the  corners  and  angles 
of  the  town  lines,  so  that  they  would  not  be  liable,  as  the  then  existing 
law  require^  of  them.  Their  petition  was  granted,  and  thus  you  will 
see  that  the  credit  is  due  Palermo  for  the  stone  posts  now  seen  throughout 
the  State  of  Maine.  Sept.  10  of  the  same  year,  the  selectmen  set  about 
perambulating  the  tow  n  lines,  and  setting  the  stone  monuments  accord- 
ing to  the  new  law.  Oct.  13,  Joseph  Stewart  of  China,  a  sworn  surveyor, 
Joseph  White  and  Enos  Greely,  selectmen  of  Palermo,  Coridon  Chad- 
wick  and  Joseph  Stewart,  selectmen  ol  China,  met  at  the  southerly 
corners  of  the  two  towns  and  surveyed  the  lines  northerly,  to  the  road 
where  David  Whitten  then  lived,  and  erected  a  stake  and  stone;  thence 
to  the  old  county  road  near  Deer  Hill,  where  was  a  beech  stump,  which 
was  formerly  aline  tree;  thence  to  the  stone  monument  near  Joseph 
Hacker's  at  Branch  Mills ;  thence  to  the  height  of  land  to  the  road  where 
Reuel  Balcom  now  lives ;  thence  to  the  new  county  road,  then  in  build- 
ing ;  thence  to  the  northerly  end  of  the  line  between  Palermo  and  China, 
at  the  southerly  line  of  Albion.  They  ordered  stone  monuments  erected 
at  each  of  the  given  points,  to  be  marked  thus  :  (P.  &  C.  1838).  On  this 
line  were  found  repeated  marks  of  former  perambulation.  From  1800 
to  1810  the  farms  were  surveyed  by  Bradstreet  Wiggins  of  Freedom, 
and  laid  out  into  shape,  and  a  plan  drawn  and  printed.  Palermo  was  a 
part  of   the  Kennebec  purchase,  and  lies  within  the  Plymouth  charter. 

The  first  settlers  of  this  Great  Pond  Settlement  took  up  their  lands 
without  purchase  of  leave  of  the  proprietors,  and  held  the  same  by  pos- 
session. Robert  H.  Gardiner  of  Hallowell,  Maine,  and  Ruel  Williams 
of  .-,  were  large  owners  in  this  townsliip,  being  two  of  the  pro- 

prietors.      .".:■■.         ■      ..  ''.... 

Plantation  Meetings  were  held  from  1801  to  1805. 

The  First  Town  Meeting. 

0  Christopher  Erskine,  one  of  the   Inhabitants  of  Palermo^    in  the    County  of 

Lincoln,  GREE  TING:— 

By  virtue  of  an  act  entitled,  "An  act  to  incorporate  the  Plantation 
f  Great  Pond  Settlement,  in  the  County  of  Lincoln,  into  a  town  by  the 
ame  of  Palermo."  You  are  hereby  required  in  the  name  of  the  Common- 
ealth  of  Massachusetts  to  notify  and  warn  the  male  inhabitants  of  said 
)wn  being  twenty-one  years  of  age  and  residing  in  said  town  for  the 
pace  of  one  year  next  preceding  having  herein  a  freehold  estate  within 
lid  town  of  the  annual  income  of  ten  dollars,  or  any  estate  to  the  value 
f  two  hundred  dollars,  to  meet  at  Robert  Foye's  dwelling  house,  Janu- 
ry  *Jth,  1805,  to  act  on  the  following  articles,  etc. 


Justice  of  the  Peace. 

December  30th,  1804. 

The  following  officers  were  chosen  : — Moderator,  Samuel  Longfel- 
)w ;  Clerk,  Elijah  Grant,  Jr. ;  Selectmen  and  Assessors,  Elijah  Grant,  Jr. 
[athaniel  Coburn,  Samuel  Longfellow  ;  Collector  and  Constable,  Stephen 
larden  ;  Wardens,  Samuel  Longfellow  and  Stephen  Marden  ;  Tything- 
len,  Josiah  Perkins  and  Abel  Creasey ;  Pound-keeper,  Daniel  Clay ; 
'ield-drivers,  Andrew  Lewis  and  Amos  Dennis  ;  School  Committee,  Sam- 
el Longfellow,  Stephen  Marden  and  Christopher  Erskine,  Sr. ;  Hog- 
Deves,  Joseph  Creasy  and  William  Briant;  Treasurer,  Christopher 
Irskine,  Sr,  and  Palermo  became  an  organized  body. 

It  was  voted  in  1803  that  Hogs  should  run  at  large,  provided  they  be 
'ell  yoked  and  ringed.     Hogreeves  were  chosen  from  three  to  fourteen 

1  number,  each  year,  who  were  civil  officers,  whose  duty  it  was  to  im- 
ound  all  hogs  running  at  large  that  were  not  yoked  and  ringed  according 
)  vote.  This  was  continued  many  years.  Cattle  and  Sheep  had  to  be 
\x  marked  and  had  all  the  rights  and  privileges  of  the  highway.     It  was 


also  provided,  in  case  they  should  break  and  enter  a  private  enclosure, 
by  way  of  a  four  foot  fence,  then  Pound-drivers  should  take  them  to  the 
Pound  where  they  were  kept  until  called  for,  and  the  bills  paid. 

From  two  to  nine  Tythingmen  were  chosen  each  je.  )•,  who  were  Par- 
ish Officers.  It  was  their  duty  to  enforce  the  observance  of  the  Sabbath 
by  sending  the  offenders  to  church  or  imposing  a  tine. 

It  seems  that  in  tliose  early  days  crows  were  troublesome  as  now, 
for  I  find  that  in  different  years  they  paid  a  Ijounty  of  from  tw  elve  to 
twenty-five  cents  each  for  killing  old  croAvs  and  half  price  for  young  ones. 

A  tannery  was  built  about  1800,  on  the  faim  where  .)ohn  H.  Black 
now  lives,  owned  by  George  Carlisle.  The  bark  was  ground  by  hearse 
power,  the  horse  traveling  round  and  round.  Soon  alter  oue  Avas  built 
by  Nathaniel  Bradstreet,  on  the  stream  where  H.  R.  Carr  noAv  lives. 
The  old  dam  and  tan  vats  are  now  plain  to  be  seen. 

Two  of  the  first  settlers  at  Johnson's  Mills(now  Branch  Mills)  were 
John  Johnson  and  Jacob  Worthing,  residents  of  Palermo.  Johnson  built 
the  first  mills  on  the  dam  where  James  Dinsmorenow  owns,  which  were 
built  in  1801  or  before.  Later  Joseph  Hacker  came  in  possession  of 
the  mills.  Thty  have  changed  hands  several  times  since..  There  was 
an  old  Fulling  Mill  on  the  Avest  end  of  the  Toby  dam  and  an  old  saw  mill 
on  the  east  end,  Avhich  Avas  built  in  1823.  At  the  raising,  Silas  Hamilton 
was  struck  by  a  falling  timber  and  died  on  Sunday,  December  7th. 

Jacob  Worthing  had  tAvelve  children,  five  of  them  being  born  before 
1800.  Hiram,  one  of  the  younger  boys,  born  in  180(5,  Avas  first  selectman 
in  Palermo-for  many  years.  He  Avas  Postmaster  continuously  lor  forty- 
seven  years,  Avith  the  exception  of  tAvo  y<;ars  under  Buchanan's  Adminis- 
tration. His  son,  Pembroke  S.  Worthing,  is  a  grandson  of  Dea.  Stephen 
Marden  by  way  oi  his  mother.  He  has  served  several  terras  as  ToAvn 
Clerk  and  first  Selectman.     He  has  been  Postmaster  tAvelve  years. 

Doctors  Daniel  Pratt,  Samuel  Hightand  Enoch  Huntoou  Avere  among 
tlie  first  settlers  and  the  first  doctors  in  toAvn  t)iacticing  before  1800. 

Another  of  the  early  settlers  Avas  Amasa  Soule,  Avho  took  up  a  farm 
in  17t»i>  and  took  his  Avife  and  children  to  his  neAv  In^nie  tvv    years  later. 


She  lived  to  be  101  years,  live  months  and  twelve  daj^s  old.  bne  was  the 
mother  of -thirteen  children.  She  lived  to  the  greatest  age  of  any  person 
in  Palermo. 

In  the  year  1807  two  town  burying  grounds  were  purchased,  one  for 
the  lower  settlement,  by  Jonathan  Greeley's  Grist  Mill,  and  the  other  on 
Dennis  Hill  in  the  upper  settlement.  A  vote  was  passed  in  1809  that  the 
town  should  be  divided  into  two  burying  districts  and  that  the  dividing 
line  sEould  be  at  William  Tucker's,  south  line  square  across  the  town. 
Each  district  to  fence  and  care  for  their  own  yard. 

In  1811  seven  School  Districts  were  formed  and  the  school  houses 
were  built  by  each  c^istrict  in  about  1812.  In  the  seventh  district  not  un- 
til 1822.  Previous  to  this,  schools  were  kept  in  dwelling  houses  and  at 
such  places  as  could  be  obtained.  The  Center  School,  then  called,  in 
District  No.  3  was  held  in  what  is  now  Herbert  Batchelder's  old  shop, 
which  then  set  near  where  the  hearse  house  now  stands.  This  school 
house  was  built  a  four  hiped  roof.  It  contained  two  rooms  ;  one  for  a 
scliool-room,  the  other  for  town  meetings.  It  had  an  elevated  floor  about 
four  feet  high,  which  required  three  stone  steps  to  enter  the  school-room 
and  a  flight  of  four  wooden  steps  to  the  town  part.  1  he  town  rented  this 
part  for  three  dollars  a  year.     It  contained  two  brick  fire  places. 

The  first  wagon  in  Palermo  Mas  owned  by  Dea.  Stephen  Harden 
about  1815. 

The  first  roads  were  laid  out  in  1802.  The  first  road,  called  the  main 
road,  commencing  at  the  lower  part  of  Great  Pond  Settlement,  running 
through  the  lower  and  upper  settlements  to  the  nortli  line  of  the  town, 
by  way  of  Greeley's  Corner  and  Harden  Hill,  a  distance  of  ten  miles  and 
forty  rods.  The  next  road,  called  The  Back  Road  of  the  tipper  settle- 
ment, running  from  Thaddeiis  Bailey's  to  John  Johnson's  Hills,  (now 
Bninch  Mills)  thence  to  Rol)ert  Foye's,  where  Downer  now  lives.  An- 
other called  tiie  Eastern  road  of  the  upper  settlement,  known  as  the  Level 
Hill  road.  Also  another  called  the  Western  Road  of  the  lower  settlement 
running  from  Longfellow's  Corner  to  Turner's  Ridge. 


Many  of  the  cross  roads  were  laid  out  in  1805.  Road  from  Greeley's 
Corner  to  East  Palermo  and  on  the  east  side  of  the  pond  in  1806.  Many 
changes  have  since  been  made.  Road  from  Branch  Mills  to  Longfellow's 
Corner  in  1809.  Road  from  John  Nutter's  place  to  Sheepscott  Pond,  1807, 
and  changed  as  it  now  is,  from  said  Nutter  place  to  Fred  Spratt's  in 
1816.  The  new  road  from  James  Soule's  to  Branch  Mills,  in  1819  and 
old  road  discontinued.  The  Western  Ridge  Road  in  1811,  changed  as 
now  in  1838. 

The  old  Belfast  Road  of  1805  was  from  John  Ayer's  by  the  Oliver 
Pullen  Pond,  crossing  the  Bog  of  the  Turner  Pond  on  a  log  bridge  over 
six  hundred  feet  in  length.  In  1821  a  new  road  was  built  from  Ford's 
Corner  to  Montville,  still  crossing  the  old  log  bridge.  In  1841  a  com- 
mittee of  three,  Reuben  Whittier,  William  Foye  and  Eli  Ayer  were 
chosen  to  superintend  the  building  of  a  new  bridge  to  be  completed  with- 
in four  years.  Those  taking  the  job  should  keep  it  in  repair  while  build- 
ing. The  bridge  is  of  stone  covered  with  earth  six  hundred  and  forty 
feet  in  length. 


About  1779,  Massachusetts  was  divided  into  the  District  of  Maine 
and  the  District  of  Massachusetts ;  thereby  our  beloved  state  became  the 
District  of  Maine.  Still  a  part  of  that  statf'  having  the  same  General 
Court.'  The  first  Representative  from  Palermo  to  the  Massachusetts 
Legislature  or  General  Court,  held  at  Boston,  was  Daniel  Sanford,  senior, 
elected  in  1809  and  re-elected  in  1811. 

January  23,  1816,  the  Inhabitants  of  Palermo  met  at  John  Clark's 
dwelling  house  and  voted  to  petition  the  Legislature  at  its  present  ses- 
sion for  the  immediate  separation  of  the  District  of  Maine  from  Massa- 
chusetts, and  form  a  separate  and  independent  state. 

September  2nd  181G  they  were  called  to  meet  and  vote  on  the  ques- 
tion ''  Is  it  expedient  that  the  District  of  Maine  shall  be  separated  from 
Massachusetts  and  become  an  independent  state."*  Also  to  choose  a 
delegate  to  meet  at  the  old  meeting  house  near  the  college  in  Brunswick, 
in  the  District  of  Maine,  agreeable  to  an  act  of  the  Legislature  of  the 
Commonwealth  of  Massachusetts,  passed  June  A.  D.  1816.  The  vote 
declared  seventy-eight  in  favor  of,  and  twenty  opposed  to  the  separation. 
At  this  convention  they  fell  short  of  success.  May  3,  1819  a  petition  to 
the  General  Court  Avas  laid  before  the  town  asking  for  their  approval 
and  signature  and  the  selectmen  were  instructed  io  sign  it  in  behalf  of 
the  town.  And  many  towns  joined  in  the  same  prayer.  July  26,  1819 
the  voters  were  again  warned  to  meet  at  .lohn  Clark's  dwelling  house  to 
vote  again  on  the  same  question.  This  time  there  were  one  hundred  and 
two  votes  in  favor  of  the  separation  and  only  six  opposed,  and  the  Dis- 
trict of  Maine  was  carried  by  a  large  majority 

Sept.  20,  1819  a  meeting  was  called  to  choose  a  delegate  to  meet  in 
Convention  at  Portland  on  the  second  Monday  in  October    to   form   a 

*See  Palermo  records,  volume  ist.  page  236. 


Constitution  or  frame  of  government  for  said  new  state.  Thomas 
Eastman  was  chosen  and  delegates  met  as  above  and  adopted  a  constitu- 
tion. Again  the  voters  of  Palermo  was  warned  to  meet  at  the  Centre 
school  house  on  the  first  Monday  in  December  to  give  in  their  written 
votes  expressing  their  approval  or  disapproval  of  the  Constitution. 
The  result  was  a  unaminous  vote  in  favor  of  the  Constitution.  Their 
prayer  was  answered  to  the  joy  of  the  people.  Then  Congress  was 
asked  that  the  State  of  Maine  be  admitted  to  the  Union,  which  was 
granted  March  3,  1820. 

December  27,  1820  the  question  arose  "  Shall  this  county  of  Lincoln 
be  divided  and  form  a  new  county.  .The  answer  was,  No!  While  other 
towns  contended  for  a  new  county,  Aug.  12,  1826,  Palermo  voled  to 
remonstrate  against  the  proposed  new  county  of  Waldo  and  petitioned 
to  be  annexed  to  the  county  of  Kennebec.  Feb.  7,  1827  the  county  of 
Waldo  was  incorporated  and  named  for  Gen.  Samuel  Waldo.  Still 
determined  against  the  new  county  a  meeting  was  called  February  23, 
1827  to  see  if  they  would  vote  to  petition  the  Legislature  to  be  set  otf 
from  the  new  county  of  Waldo  and  be  annexed  to  the  county  of  Lincoln, 
Kennebec  or  Penobscot.  They  voted  unanimously  to  petition  to  be  set 
off  into  the  county  of  Kennebec,  and  that  this  vote  be  published  in  the 
Kennebec  Gazette  and  in  the  Lincoln  Intelligencer  which  were  the  two 
papers  t^ken  in  those  early  days. 

In  1847  onr  mail  bore  the  first  U.  S.  postage  stamps',  being  of  the 
five  and  ten  cents  denomination.  September  23,  1815  a  heavy  gale  of 
wind  swept  over  the  place  doing  much  damage  to  property. 

November  30th,  1811  a  severe  earihqual<e  w:is  felt  through  New 


The  mill  which  my  grandfather  referred  to  was  ou  the  Sheepscott 
river  below  the  pond.  There  were  two  old  mills,  the  Jonathan  Bartlett 
and  the  Alden  mills.  The  former  said  to  be  the  oldest,  which  must  been 
built  before  1790.  The  barn  now^  standing  on  the  William  Histler  farm 
was  the  first  framed  barn  in  town,  and  was  built  as  early  as  1790.  The 
boards  must  have  been  sawed  at  this  mill. 

The  old  David  Turner  house  is  still  standing  on  the  old  farm  as  a 
stable,  and  is  now  owned  by  Wesley  Turner.  The  Ransalaer  Turner 
house  is  also  one  of  the  first  houses.  It  shows  the  style  of  early  days. 
It  is  in  good  repair  and  with  the  same  good  care  will  last  another 

About  1800  my  grandfather  and  his  brothers,  Stephen  and  Benjamin 
built  the  old  mill  on  the  Benjamin  Marden  farm,  which  was  an  up  and 
down  saw.  The  iron  wol'k  of  the  water-wheel  was  made  in  New 
Hampshire,  and  brought  to  Augusta.  From  Augusta  it  was  hauled  on  a 
hand  sled  by  two  men,  at  that  time  a  distance  of  about  thirty  miles 
through  the  wilderness  by  spotted  trees.  From  Augusta  they  followed 
the  river  to  Vassalboro'  then  to  East  Vassalboro',  then  around  the  foot 
of  China  pond  and  up  to  near  v>here  the  town  house  noAv  stands;  from 
there  to  Dirigo  and  to  Branch  Mills,  which  was  before  the  roads  w^ere 
built.  This  mill  had  the  necessary  machinery  for  making  hand  rakes, 
which  the  Marden  brothers  sold  for  twentv-five  cents  each.  They  also 
had  a  brickyard  and  made  bricks,  which  supplied  the  houses  with  their 
first  brick  chimneys.  They  were  laid  up  in  clay  and  ashes  for  mortar. 
Later  the  property  passed  to  Benjamin  Marden,  2nd,  and  to  his  son 
Stephen,  who  operated  the  mill.  They  have  all  passed  away  now  except 
Stephen's  widow  and  two  sons,  Oscar  and  Frank.  Oscar  is  a  successful 
lawyer  in  Stoughton,  Mass.,  having  graduated  in  1876  from  Boston 
University  Law  School.     In  1891  he  was  appointed  Judge  and  Justice  of 


the  District  Court  of  Southern  Norfolk.  Frank  is  a  successful  business 
man  in  the  firm  of  George  H.  Leonard  Co.,  Boston.  In  1849  the  old  houses 
on  the  farms  formerly  occupied  by  these  Harden  brothers  were  removed 
and  new  ones  built  by  Joshua  Goodwin,  Alva  Harden  and  Benjamin 
Harden,  2nd. 

In  1844  it  was  voted  to  build  a  town  house.  The  contract  was  let  to 
John  Erskine  for  one  hundred  and  eighteen  dollars.  A  quari-el  began 
about  the  location.  The  south  part  of  the  town  carried  the  day  and  it 
was  built  on  Orchard  Greeley's  land  near  the  cemetery.-  A  warm  battle 
ensued  and  it  was  sold  at  auction  for  sixty-five  dollars.  Again  the  south 
part  ruled  and  bought  it  back  by  paying  the  interest.  Several  meetings 
were  held  there  during  the  next  year.  Still  the  battle  went  on  and  it 
was  again  sold  and  moved  to  Longfellow's  corner  and  since  used  for  a 
store.  The  present  town  house  was  built  by  Enos  Greeley  in  1847  and 
located  in  the  center  of  the  town. 

The  first  guide  boards  were  made  by  Joseph  Creasey  in  1823.  The 
town  paid  him  eighty-three  cents  each,  for  making.  They  were  painted 
and  lettered  with  a  hand  pointing  the  distance  towards  the  principal 
places  and  have  gone  to  decay  years  ago. 

The  first  store  and  traders  in  toAvn,  as  far  as  I  can  ascertain,  was 
Burrill  &  Benson,  who  traded  at  Greeley's  corner  in  1822,  and  Joseph 
Arnold  at  Carr's  corner.  Before  this  the  people  went  to  Belfast  and 
Wiscasset  to  do  their  shopping,  and  Wiscasset  was  the  nearest  Post 
( )ffice. 

The  first  building  burned  no  record  was  the  barn  of  Andrew 
Bonney,  burned  Harch  1819,  together  with  a  large  stock  of  cattle.  A 
vote  was  passed  on  April  14,  instructing  the  selectmen  to  sign  a  petition 
in  behalf  of  the  town  asking  the  Legislature  to  compensate  his  loss. 

There  was  a  grist  mill  owned  by  John  Black,  which  was  built 
about  1800.  It  stood  on  the  same  dam  tluit  Ira  Black's  saw  mill  did  and 
was  carried  away  in  a  freshet  about  1812. 

Eli  Carr  was  born  in  Goff'siown,  X.  H.,  in  180B.  He  came  to 
Palermo  in  1811  with  his  father,  Richey  Carr,  who  settled  on  Harden 


Hill.  He  is  now  one  of  the  oldest  men  in  town  being  ninety  years  of 
age.  His  mind  is  clear  and  he  can  remember  the  most  of  those  first 
settlers  and  can  tell  where  they  lived.  He  is  a  respected  citizen  and  a 
worthy  member  of  the  First  Baptist  Church,  and  to  him  much  credit  is 
due  for  his  assistance  in  preparing  this  record  of  Palermo. 

As  my  grandfather  has  said  there  were  twenty- six  families  in  town 
in  1793.  I  find  that  about  ten  years  later  at  the  incorporation  of  the 
town  the  families  numbered  about  one  hundred.  I  will  give  their  names 
omitting  those  already  mentioned. 

Moses  Stevens, 
Samuel  Stevens, 
Gideon  Glidden, 
Jacob  Buff^nm, 
Nehemiah  Blake, 
William  Blake, 
Joseph  Carlisle, 
Benjamin  Leadbetter, 
Jonathan  Nelson, 
Benjamin  Nelson, 
John  Perkins, 
Robinson  Sanford, 
Henry  Sanford, 
John  Rigby, 
Gabriel  Hamilton, 
Stephen  Greeley, 
Joseph  Spiller, 
David  Briant, 
William  Briant, 
Nathan  Bachelder, 
Samuel  Creascy, 
Oliver  Pullen, 
William  Creasey, 
Daniel  Sylvester,  Senior, 

George  Carlyle, 
Stephen  Longfellow, 
Samuel  Buftum, 
Joseph  Evans, 
Jonathan  Worthing, 
Isaac  Worthing, 
John  Leadbetter, 
William  Worthing, 
Samuel  Hoyt, 
Daniel  Nelson, 
John  Nelson, 
Daniel  Sanford, 
Henry  Whittier, 
Stephen  Bowler, 
Joseph  Bowler, 
George  Brooks, 
Beriah  Bonney, 
John  Bachelder, 
David  Edwards, 
Jonathan  Towle, 
Joseph  Perry, 
Amos  Sylvester, 
Waite  Weeks, 
Oliver  Boynton, 


Shiibal  Weeks, 
Asa  Boynton, 
James  Brown, 
Eben  Brad  street, 
Hollis  Hiitchins, 
Francis  Somes, 
Nicholas  Gilman, 
John  Hutchins, 
James  Grant, 
Samuel  Rediuo-ton. 
Nathan  Stanley, 
Othnal  Pratt, 
Joseph  Turner, 

Mr.  Hill,  Father  of  Dr.  H. 

Lnke  Sylvester, 
Chase  Robinson, 
Joseph  Richardson, 
Nehemiah  Somes, 
Nathaniel  Bradstreet, 
Hollis  Hutchins,  Jr. 
Clement  Meserve, 
Asa  Crowell, 
John  Gliclden, 
James  Dennis, 
Rnfns  Plnmraer, 
Lot  Chadwick, 
Daniel  Bagley, 
H.  Hill,  late  of  Augusta. 


The  First  Baptist  Church. 

About  1779  brother  Stephen  Belclen  came  to  Great  Pond  Settlement, 
bringing  his  Bible  under  his  arm.  As  the  settlers  increased  in  numbers 
and  a  Baptist  Church  being  formed  at  Fairfax  (now  Albion)  many  of 
this  vicinity  united  with  that  body. 

In  1804  a  reformation  swept  this  township.  Those  of  our  members 
withdrew  from  that  Fairfax  church  and  organized  the  First  Baptist 
Church  established  1804.     Election  of  officers  July  20th,  1805. 

Meetings  were  held  at  Josiah  Perkins'  house  and  John  Marden's 
barn,  on  Marden  Hill. 

Chose  John  Robinson  of  Freedom,  first  clerk;  John  Sinclare  of 
Knox,  first  deacon ;  Nathaniel  Robinson,  first  pastor,  ordained  June  26, 

Members  were  received  from  Freedom,  Montville  and  Knox.  Thus 
it  became  necessary  to  build  a  meeting  house  and  a  plan  for  the  structure 
was  drawn  by  Daniel  Sylvester,  Senior,  showing  the  design  and  location 
of  the  pews.  These  pews  were  sold  from  the  plan  at  value,  which  sold 
for  25  and  50  dollars  each,  according  to  choice.  Thus  about  1200  dollars 
was  secured.  1826  the  contract  was  made  with  Spencer  Arnold  to  con- 
struct the  building  for  1100  dollars  and  completed  in  1827  and  dedicated 
on  New  Years  day,  1828,  which  was  thronged  with  people  each  Sabbath. 

A  List  of  Membership  from  1804  to  the  Present  Time,  1896. 

James  Sinclair,  Joseph  Gowen, 

William  White,  Benjamin  Black,  1st, 

Nathaniel  Robinson,  John  Marden,  1st, 

Josiah  Perkins,  Betsey  Black,  1st, 

John  Robinson,  Abagail  Worthing, 

Mr.  Whitten,  John  Clay, 

Stephen  Marden,  1st,                             Ruth  Rider, 


A.  Somes, 
Heury  Whittier, 
John  Johnson, 
Abagail  Harden, 
Eclmimcl  Black,  2nd, 
Hannah  Soule, 
John  Sinclare, 
Thaddeus  Bailey,  Jr. 
Betsey  Somes 
Lydla  Wiggiu, 
Benjamin  Harden. 
Abagail  Perkins, 
Polly  Bailey, 
Joseph  Robinson, 
Betsey  Arnold. 
Susanna  Cunningham, 
Polly  Davis, 
Ann  Davis, 
Betsey  Davis, 
William  Davis, 
Levi  Davis, 
Thomas  Sinclare, 
Nancy  Davis, 
Samuel  Henry, 
Hrs.  Huntoon, 
Polly  Black, 
Hannah  Cunningham, 
Betsey  Weeks, 
John  Brovrn, 
Joseph  Bowler, 
Grace  Cook, 

John  Erskine,  1st, 
Hrs.  Campbell, 

Asa  Gowen, 
Stephen  Belden,  1st, 
Abagail  Belden, 
Aaron  Belden, 
Charity  Belden, 
Eunice  Harden, 
Hrs.  Whitehouse, 
John  Brovs^n, 
Jacob  Greeley,  1st, 
Hannah  Greeley, 
Joseph  Arnold, 
George  Robinson, 
Hrs,  George  Robinson, 
Simeon  Hagridge, 
Hrs  Simeon  Hagridge, 
Hrs.  Sanford, 
Wiggins  Perkins, 
Hrs.  Sylvester, 
Hannah  Robinson, 
Eunice  Brown, 
Polly  Robinson, 
Hannah  Sanders, 
Lucy  Rider, 
Elizabeth  Rider, 
Asa  Robinson, 
William  H.  Robinson, 
Gideon  Robinson, 
Smith  Gilman, 
Jonathan  Clay, 
John  White, 
George  Smith, 
Joseph  Sylvester, 
Susanna  Sylvester, 


Molly  Black, 
Abagail  Young, 
Stephen  Longfellow, 
Samuel  Leadbetter, 
James  Black, 
Nathan  Bachelder, 
Mrs.  Nathan  Bachelder, 
Hannah  Nelson, 
Sister  Wood. 
Betsey  Arnold, 
S.  Bailey, 
Lucretia  White, 
Kuth  Cummings, 
Sister  Wilton, 
Betsey  Leadbetters, 
Sister  Ford, 
Nathan  Bailey, 
Nathaniel  Stanley, 
Mrs.  Nathaniel  Stanley, 
.  Amos  Dennis, 
Amasa  Soule, 
Sister  Martin, 
Asa  Crowell, 
William  Tucker, 
Samuel  C.  Wight, 
Elder  Jesse  Martin, 
Abagail  Pullen, 
Alley  Marden, 
Eliza  Marden,  1st, 
Miss  Eastman, 
Mrs.  John  Rigby, 

Hannah  Cummings, 
Sally  Frye, 

Sally  Sinclair, 
Aaron  Rollins, 
John  Perkins,  1st. 
Knowlton  Bailey, 
Mrs.  Williams, 
Lucy  Soule, 
Polly  Spiller, 
Spencer  Arnold, 
Susanna  Hill, 
Sister  Tuck, 
Sally  Tuck, 
James  Clark, 
Charity  Marden, 
Nancy  Arnold, 
Molly  Somes, 
Hannah  Somes, 
Jeremiah  Tuck, 
Elder  Dexter, 
Brother  Weymouth, 
Sister  Weymouth, 
Betsey  Strong, 
John  Rigby, 
Benjamin  Marden,  2d, 
Betsey  Bryant, 
John  Spiller, 
Hannah  Marden, 
Eliza  Sanders, 
James  Sanders, 
Elder  William  Bowler, 
Lydia  Sanders, 
Eliza  Soule, 

Gilbert  Pullen, 
Mrs.  Gilbert  Pullen, 


Pamelia  Arnold, 
Maria  Harden,  1st, 
Patty  Perkins, 
Eliza  Harden  2nd, 
Betsey  Smith, 
Sally  Black, 
Reuben  Whittier, 
John  Bailey,  1st, 
Comfort  Black, 
Edmund  Black,  3d, 
Rachel  Cummings, 
Patty  Black, 
Hary  Andros, 
Thaddeous  Bailey, 
Charity  Barlow, 
John  Rollins, 
George  Waters, 
Prissilla  Robinson, 
James  Sanders,  Jr., 
Mrs.  James  Sanders, 
Franklin  Foye, 
Samuel  Waters, 
Oren  Nelson, 
Asa  Cowen, 
James  Sanders  Senior, 
Charlotte  Pullen, 
Hazen  Nelson, 
Hary  Parkhurst, 
S.  L.  Harden, 
John  A.  Harden,  Jr., 
Abagail  Snell, 
Sewall  L.  Black, 
Silas  Tabor, 

Anna  Harden, 
Eliza  Davis, 
Elmira  Arnold, 
Hrs.  Bowler, 
Hrs.  Davis, 
Lydia  Rowe, 
Nancy  Pullen, 
Hary  Arnold, 
William  Waters, 
Rufus  Rowe,  Senior. 
James  Harden,  Senior, 
David  Spratt,  1st, 
Josiah  Carr, 
Hrs.  James  Harden, 
Eliza  Bradstreet, 
Hary  Spratt, 
Sister  Worthing, 
John  W.  Bailey, 
Nathaniel  B.  Robinson, 
Rachel  Arnold, 
Sally  Balcom, 
Jonathan  Sylvester, 
Louis  Bryant, 
James  Rowe, 
Sarah  Hamilton, 
Hr.  Hathorn, 
Hrs.  Hathorn, 
Louis  Davis, 
Elder  E.  H.  Emery, 
Benjamin  Young,  Jr., 
Elder  Smith, 

Jacob  Sanders. 
Hrs.  Jacob  Sanders, 


Martha  J.  Hatborn, 
Nancy  Seavey, 
Cliftbrd  Worthing, 
Mrs.  Cliflford  Worthing, 
William  Carr, 
L.  Sabin, 
Sarah  Harden, 
Laban  Spratt, 
Jane  Wood, 
Nathan  Wood, 
Adaline  Marden, 
Pamelia  Wood, 
Melissa  Soule, 
Mary  Thurston, 
Clarasa  Black, 
Mary  F.  Carr, 
H.  San ford, 
D.  M.  Black, 
Betsey  Carr, 
Charles  Carr, 
Mrs.  S.  Bailey, 
Abagail  Whittier, 
Axa  Noyes, 
Sumner  Handy, 
Joanna  Handy, 
Wesley  Bailey, 
Betsey  Bailey, 
Clarendon  Black, 
Melvina  Rowe, 
Mrs.  Luke  Jaquith, 
Kesiah  Hallowell, 
Addie  White, 
Samuel  B.  Soule, 

Hiram  T.  Black, 
Lovica  Black, 
Eliza  Black, 
Marcus  Ricker, 
Merrill  Black, 
Mercy  Spratt, 
Mary  A.  White, 
Elvira  Mores, 
Elisha  Wood, 
Eliza,  Wood, 
Lydia  Bailey, 
Maliala  Carr, 
Jonathan  Ward, 
Polly  Bailey, 
Miss  Maria  Perkins, 
Prissilla  Waters, 
Nehemiah  Bryant, 
Eunice  Dean, 
Caroline  Drake, 
Mary  Black, 

Mrs.  William  Worthing, 
Mrs.  E.  Parraeter, 
Mrs.  S.  Bailey, 
Mrs.  M.  Marden, 
Catherine  Marden, 
Mary  Spiller, 
Alice  Soule, 
Olive  Black, 
Luke  Jaquith, 
Josiah  Hallowell, 
George  White, 
Joseph  Perkins, 

Mrs.  Alexander  Worth, 


Alexander  Worth, 
Mary  Jaquith, 
William  Balcom, 
Henry  More, 
Josiali  Norton, 
Alley  Curtis. 
Martha  Plummer. 

Eli  Carr. 
Eliza  Nelson. 
Nancy  Black. 
John  S.  A.  Rowe. 
Emma  S.  Carr. 
Etta  Soule. 
Mary  Wood. 
Allen  Goodwin. 
C.  E.  Carr. 
George  V.  Black, 
George  F.  Rowe. 

Erastus  Nelson, 
Nellie  Black, 
Gustavus  Bnrgis, 
Alley  Clifford, 
Hattie  Norton, 
Llewellyn  Coffin. 
Elder  S.  O.  Whitten. 
Jesse  M.  Jaquith. 

Present  Membership. 

George  M.  Rowe. 
Winfield  Jaquith. 
Ellen  Rowe 
Henry   Carr. 
D.  A.  Whittler. 
Anna  Drake. 
Alice  Spratt. 
Cora  A.  Goodwin. 
*   Etta  A.  Carr. 
Hattie  Chadwick. 
Earl  Nelson. 


On  the  first  Wednesday  of  February,  1809,  the  2nd   Baptist   Church, 
near  Longfellow's  Corner,  was  organized,  having  withdrawn   from   the 
1st   Baptist   Chyj'ch.     In    1827   they   took   the  plan  of  the  first  meetiuu"- 
house  and  began  the  erection  of  the  old  church  noAv  removed.     The   2u< 
Baptist  Church  records  were  distroyed  by  fire  many  years  ago. 

The  Methodist  Church  ^^as  organized  in  the  year  1830.     Camp-mec 
ings  were  held  in  Dr.  Eli  Ayer's  Grove  for  many  years.     The  Meetin 
house  was  built  in  1801. 






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